Open science

See GiveWell:

Indie science could be a way beyond that. Right now, most scientists need to publish in top journals to even have a shot at a scientific career. If funding can be decoupled from publications (through mechanisms such as crowdfunding or basic income), then it may be possible for people to focus completely on science without wasting hours of time writing grants or teaching. Also, they could publish online through living documents (and since their career isn’t at stake from being open, they can afford to be as open as possible).

Open science means less “reinventing the wheel”.

Also see the book Reinventing Discovery, and Josh Siegle Open Science answers on Quora (also Michael Nielsen’s blog). Also see a few recent Marc Srour answers too.

See also Open notebook science

See also Open Notebook History for history, Open Source Scholarship, and Why History Should Be Open Source.